To make meaningful sentences we need to arrange words in a particular order. The usual order of words in an English sentence is as follows:
SubjectIn an affirmative sentence, the subject usually comes before the verb.
- She is my friend. (Subject – she, verb – is)
- It is my bag. (Subject – it, verb – is)
- The dog barked. (Subject – dog, verb – barked)
- Is she your friend? (Auxiliary verb – is, subject – she)
- Is it your bag? (Auxiliary verb – is, subject – it)
- Did the dog bark? (Auxiliary verb – did, subject – dog)
The object usually comes after the verb.
- He killed the snake. (Subject – he, verb – killed, object – snake)
- I love my mother. (Subject – I, verb – love, object – mother)
- She brought me a cup of coffee. (Indirect object – me, direct object – cup of coffee)
- I told them a story. (Indirect – them, direct – story)
AdjectiveWhen an adjective is used attributively, it comes before the noun it qualifies.
- Few children came.
- She is a beautiful girl.
- He is a lazy boy.
- She is beautiful.
- He is lazy.
AdverbAn adverb is usually placed close to the word it modifies.
- He is a rather lazy boy. (Here the adverb rather modifies the adjective lazy.)
- I was pleasantly surprised. (Here the adverb pleasantly modifies the verb surprised.)